Thursday, June 26, 2014

Soccer: More Than Just a Game

By Anna Charles

At this time of year, soccer fans (or football fans, depending on where you are from)  around the world are turning their minds and their televisions to the 2014 FIFA World Cup. With millions across the globe tuning in to cheer for their favorite teams, many international health organizations are tapping into this soccer fanaticism, and employing soccer as an innovative medium to talk about HIV.  Soccer is one of, if not the most popular sport in the world, and groups such as UNAIDS and Grassroots Soccer are using the excitement around this sport to reach out to youth and to facilitate programs to educate them about HIV prevention and stigma reduction.
 At the Africa Cup of Nations in January 2013, UNAIDS presented their “Protect the Goal” Campaign, with goals of both preventing and raising awareness of HIV. HIV prevention information was posted on screens in the stadiums and prominent players backed the campaign by reading statements of support for this campaign before each game as they stood before their fans. With thousands of fans who look up to these teams and players, the campaign had a radically successful start [1]. A year and a half later, Protect the Goal has come to Brazil for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Now backed by the President of Brazil, [2] Protect the Goal has been able to make an even greater impact, especially by offering free HIV tests to fans in Brazilian host cities. Renowned players like David Luiz are also joining the campaign and calling on their thousands of fans to join them in stopping the spread of HIV and stigma [3].
 Another organization, Grassroots Soccer, has taken a different approach to using soccer as a means of reducing HIV. They have built and refined a curriculum called “Skillz”, a new approach that uses soccer exercises to help kids learn about HIV risks and prevention.  For example, in one of their activities, called “Risk Field,” “participants dribble a soccer ball in between cones representing HIV-related risks—multiple partners, drug/alcohol abuse, sugar daddies, etc. If one player hits a cone, he and his teammates must complete 3 pushups, showing how the consequences of one person’s risk can not only affect him, but also his friends, family, and community" [4]. This is a revolutionary new way of educating kids, and allows the participants to feel more engaged in what they are learning.
Grassroots Soccer is using methods  that have proven results. One study in Zimbabwe found that, among many other encouraging statistics, students participating in the program who knew where to go for problems related to HIV increased dramatically, from 47% to 76% [5]. Like the Protect the Goal campaign, Grassroots Soccer is backed by a number of well-known players, such as AlexSong, Oguchi Onyewu, Christen Press, and more, [6] and is therefore able to reach a wide audience of fans that look up to and respect these players.

As evident by the campaigns and programs above, it is undeniable that sports have a great influence and can be used to unite and educate groups of people. Nelson Mandela said it best, “Sport has the power to change the world. It has the power to inspire. It has the power to unite people in a way that little else does. It speaks to youth in a language they understand. Sport can create hope where once there was only despair.” Soccer is more than just a game; it’s a powerful tool that can bring motivation, solutions, and hope to people around the world working to end HIV and the associated stigma and discrimination.


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